Mental Health comprises of our emotional, social and psychological wellbeing.
It affects how we think, feel and behave. Life experiences, such as stress, trauma and abuse, biological factors such as genetics or brain chemistry and a family history of mental health issues are all factors that can contribute to our mental health. Depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress, are just some of the mental health issues that may affect young people. Mental health problems are very common and are treatable. With proper care and counseling, people do get better and many recover completely.
Sexual & Reproductive Health (SRH) includes all matters related to sex, gender and reproduction.
Good SRH is when people are able to have safe and satisfying sex, choose their sexual partner and gender identity freely, have good menstrual and reproductive health, have easy access to contraceptive methods, and are able to decide if, when and how many children they want.
Nutrition implies our intake of food in relation to the dietary needs of our bodies.
Healthy food includes nutrients like proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and water. Poor nutrition can lead to many adverse conditions like, stunting (low height for age), anaemia (low haemoglobin in the blood), underweight (low weight for age) and obesity. Nutrition is particularly important for young people, since malnutrition can hamper learning abilities and physical growth, affecting future economic opportunities.
Substance Misuse refers to the harmful use of substances (like alcohol, drugs and other substances) for non-medical purposes.
Substances refers to illegal (drugs), legal (alcohol, tobacco, prescription medication) and volatile intoxicants (glue, paint, thinner, petrol). Substance misuse can have adverse, long and short term effects on physical health, mental health, personal relationships and financial management.
Consent Violence & Safety. Consent is clear and unambiguous agreement, expressed outwardly through mutually understandable words or actions, to engage in a particular activity. Consent is necessary in any kind of activity involving two or more people. Consent must be voluntarily given, and may not be valid if a person is being subjected to actions or behaviours that cause emotional, psychological, physical, reputational, financial pressure, threat, intimidation, or fear. Any sexual act without consent is sexual assault. Violence is used to establish and maintain power and control over another person, reflecting an imbalance of power between the victim and the abuser. Violence can be sexual, physical, psychological, emotional or even verbal. Safety implies relative freedom from danger, risk, or threat of harm, injury, or loss to individual or property, whether caused deliberately or by accident.
Physical Health & Diseases refers to the health and wellbeing of a person’s body.
Good physical health is when the body is free from illness and injury. Physical health includes hygiene, sanitation, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious and non-communicable diseases, exercise and diet.
Life Skills, Disability, Skill Building, Legal Rights and Information and Access to Services. This refers to access to information and services related to health schemes, policies and programs, life skills, vocational skills, disability and legal health rights.
This also includes having access to a health service provider and/or counsellor who provides services free of stigma, discrimination and judgement.